Great News! Guessing on the NEW SAT (2016) is not penalized.
on the old SAT [historical information]
Information provided by www.kaptest.com
There is no such thing as a guessing
penalty on the SAT. There is, however, a wrong answer penalty. The
wrong answer penalty is designed so that students who guess randomly
won't earn extra points for the effort.
Here's how the wrong answer penalty
* You get 1 point for every correct
* You get a fraction of a point taken off for every incorrect
answer (excepting Grid-ins)
|Type of Answer
|Wrong Answer on QC
||Wrong Answer on Grid-in
As you can see, you get the same number
of points for any correct answer (1 point), however, the amount
subtracted from your score for a wrong answer varies according to
question type. You get a 1/4 point off for most question types.
You should never guess randomly on the SAT. However, if you
can rule out at least one answer choice on a question you
don't know, it is worth it to guess.
The more wrong answer choices you
eliminate, the more likely it is that you will beat the wrong answer
penalty and get a higher score. Also: since there is no wrong answer
choice penalty for Grid-ins, guess to your heart's content on that